Hajj and pilgrimage vocabulary

The Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim who is able is required to undertake at least once in their lives, begins this weekend, and I have written a length piece about it over there. I won’t repeat all the details about the Hajj here, just some of the vocabulary, which is largely unchanged from the Arabic.

  • Hajj: Hac (hac means pilgrimage in general)
  • Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage to Mecca that can be undertaken any time of the year): Umre
  • Mecca: Mekke
  • Medina: Medine
  • Ihram, the state of ritual purity required of all pilgrims: ihram
  • The Mosque of the Holy Place, or Masjid al-Haram, the mosque in Mecca: al-Haram Camii
  • The Kaaba, the black cube-shaped structure at the heart of the Masjid al-Haram: Kâbe
  • Tawaf, the ritual circumnabulation of the Kaaba that begins and ends the pilgrimage: tavaf
  • Mount Arafat, where Muhammad gave his final sermon and the central location of the pilgrimage: Arafat Dağı
  • Hajji, one who has completed the Hajj: Hacı
  • Hajj Mubarak (“Congratulations on the Hajj”), the greeting to offer a Hajji: Hac Mübarek

3 thoughts on “Hajj and pilgrimage vocabulary

  1. Pingback: The Hajj | Arabic Word a Day
  2. Pingback: Hac Mübarek | Turkish Word a Day

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