Severe weather and natural disasters

Following on from last time, let’s see what vocabulary we’d need if the weather got a little rougher.

  • storm: fırtına
  • thunderstorm: sağanak

    • thunder: gök gürültüsü
    • lightning: yıldırım OR şimşek
  • monsoon: muson
  • flood: sel
  • tornado: hortum
  • blizzard: tipi OR kar fırtınası (snow storm)
  • hurricane (tropical cyclone): kasırga
  • sandstorm: kum fırtınası
  • drought: kuraklık OR kıtlık
  • volcano: yanardağ OR volkan
    • volcanic eruption: volkanik püskürme
  • earthquake: deprem OR zelzele
  • tsunami: tsunami
  • avalanche: çığ
  • landslide: heyelan
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Hava (weather)

Let’s look at some basic weather-related vocabulary, shall we?

  • weather: hava

    • sun: güneş; “sunny” is güneşli
    • clouds: bulutlar; a single cloud is bulut
    • rain: yağmur; “rainy” is yağmurlu
    • fog: sis; “foggy” is sisli
    • snow: kar; “snowy” is karlı
    • hail: dolu
    • wind: rüzgâr; “windy” is rüzgârlı
    • breeze: esinti
    • gust: bora
  • temperature: sıcaklık
    • cold: soğuk
    • cool: serin
    • warm: ılık
    • hot: sıcak
  • humidity: nem or rutubet

    • humid: nemli or rutubetli
    • dry: kurak or kuru

“How’s the weather?”: hava nasıl

“It’s sunny”: hava güneşli or simply güneşli; change accordingly

“It’s raining”: yağmur yağıyor

“It’s snowing”: kar yağıyor

“It’s cold today”: bugün hava soğuk or simply bugün soğuk