Transportation: nakil or ulaşım

Some words that might help you get around:

 

  • car: araba
  • truck: kamyon
  • motorcycle: motosiklet
  • bus: otobüs
  • train: tren
  • plane: uçak
  • boat: vapur, tekme
  • ship: gemi
  • ferry: feribot
  • bicycle: bisiklet
  • taxi: taksi
  • walking (verb): yürümek

    • “a walk”: yürüme
  • running (verb): koşmak
    • “a run”: koşu

 

 

Advertisements

Severe weather and natural disasters

Following on from last time, let’s see what vocabulary we’d need if the weather got a little rougher.

  • storm: fırtına
  • thunderstorm: sağanak

    • thunder: gök gürültüsü
    • lightning: yıldırım OR şimşek
  • monsoon: muson
  • flood: sel
  • tornado: hortum
  • blizzard: tipi OR kar fırtınası (snow storm)
  • hurricane (tropical cyclone): kasırga
  • sandstorm: kum fırtınası
  • drought: kuraklık OR kıtlık
  • volcano: yanardağ OR volkan
    • volcanic eruption: volkanik püskürme
  • earthquake: deprem OR zelzele
  • tsunami: tsunami
  • avalanche: çığ
  • landslide: heyelan

Hava (weather)

Let’s look at some basic weather-related vocabulary, shall we?

  • weather: hava

    • sun: güneş; “sunny” is güneşli
    • clouds: bulutlar; a single cloud is bulut
    • rain: yağmur; “rainy” is yağmurlu
    • fog: sis; “foggy” is sisli
    • snow: kar; “snowy” is karlı
    • hail: dolu
    • wind: rüzgâr; “windy” is rüzgârlı
    • breeze: esinti
    • gust: bora
  • temperature: sıcaklık
    • cold: soğuk
    • cool: serin
    • warm: ılık
    • hot: sıcak
  • humidity: nem or rutubet

    • humid: nemli or rutubetli
    • dry: kurak or kuru

“How’s the weather?”: hava nasıl

“It’s sunny”: hava güneşli or simply güneşli; change accordingly

“It’s raining”: yağmur yağıyor

“It’s snowing”: kar yağıyor

“It’s cold today”: bugün hava soğuk or simply bugün soğuk

Yom Kippur

Sundown today is the start of Yom Kippur, so for those who are Jewish, have an easy fast. I have no interesting linguistic story to tell here, since Turkish and Hebrew aren’t related the way Hebrew and Arabic are, but I thought you might want to see the holiday written in Turkish, where “Yom Kippur” becomes, ah, “Yom Kippur.” I hope that wasn’t too complicated for you to keep up.